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Legal Pitfalls for Nursery Owners

A guide from Birdi & Co
8 min of reading
29 January 2024
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Recently, the childcare sector has been thrust into the spotlight, largely due to the controversial rollout and expansion of the “free childcare plan.”

Supporters of the plan hail it as a crucial measure to reduce financial pressures on parents and enhance early childhood education. However, this initiative has also attracted criticism, with sceptics questioning its practicality and the stress it could place on already strained resources.

There are growing concerns that this could compromise the quality of care and the ability to fairly compensate (and therefore attract and retain) staff. This debate underscores the intricate challenge of balancing the accessibility, quality, and long-term viability of childcare services.

While navigating these day-to-day challenges, nursery owners also face a myriad of legal challenges in the dynamic world of early years. From ensuring robust employment contracts to dealing with property issues, Ofsted compliance and prioritising child safeguarding, it is no wonder they often feel that the legal landscape can be a minefield.

This article explores common legal pitfalls that I see nursery owners encounter. At the end, I will share the secret sauce to keeping your nursery out of legal hot water.

Legal pitfalls to consider:

    Employment contracts and handbooks - the foundation of staff relations

    A significant legal oversight in many nurseries is the lack of comprehensive employment contracts and staff handbooks. These documents are not merely formalities, they are the bedrock of clear employer-employee relationships.

    Suitable employment contracts clearly define roles, responsibilities, and expectations, reducing the risk of disputes and potential litigation. Handbooks, on the other hand, set out workplace policies, ensuring staff are aware of procedures, from grievance handling to health and safety guidance.

    The absence of these documents can lead to misunderstandings, inconsistency in policy enforcement and vulnerability to legal claims.

    You should regularly review and update these documents to reflect current employment laws and organisational changes.

    The importance of trade marks

    The early years sector is well-stocked with creatively named nurseries, which increases the risk of unintentional trade mark infringements. Trade marking your nursery’s name and logo is not just about establishing a unique identity, it’s a legal shield against potential infringement claims and a protection of your brand equity.

    With so many ‘bubbly’ names out there, stepping on someone else’s toes is easier than you think. So, before you fall in love with a name, do your homework. Getting the legal green light on your nursery’s name isn’t just about avoiding squabbles, it’s about protecting the unique personality of the place you’ve built and to ensure that your nursery carries its maximum value on a future sale.

    Don’t neglect the legal paperwork for your premises

    I can’t tell you the number of times we are appointed to support with property title defects. For example, we frequently come across inaccuracies in the title documentation registered at HM Land Registry, or onerous conditions or requirements attached to the property’s title which could materially affect the use and enjoyment of the nursery premises (and the value of it as a business!).

    We also see leases which are not registered at HM Land Registry when they should be, or where stamp duty land tax hasn’t been paid. This can present a cash flow surprise if, suddenly, you find out that you are liable to pay thousands of pounds of stamp duty land tax, plus interest and penalties. If required, it is likely to prevent you from being able to sell your nursery, causing significant delay and dramatically increasing your legal expenses.

    So, my recommendation is not to shy away from the legal expenses associated with securing your premises and instruct a specialist to advise you. The premises are a key asset to your nursery business and, if not done properly, there is a high chance it will come back to bite you down the line.

    Preparing for sale and missing the opportunity to maximise value

    The decision to sell your nursery is a significant one, often marking the culmination of years of hard work and dedication. Yet, surprisingly, many nursery owners undervalue the importance of thorough preparation for this critical transition.

    Far beyond financial considerations, preparing a nursery for sale involves a holistic approach that addresses every facet of the business, including its legal and operational aspects. This lack of comprehensive preparation can lead to missed opportunities in maximising the nursery’s value and attractiveness to potential buyers.

    One suggestion could be to undertake a pre-sale legal health check with an M&A legal specialist such as Birdi & Co. Such an exercise will give you the confidence needed to negotiate with a position of strength with potential buyers of your nursery.

    The digital shift: embracing nursery management software

    In today’s fast-paced, technology-driven world, staying abreast of digital advancements is not just an option for day nursery owners – it’s a necessity. The advent of nursery management software has revolutionised how nurseries operate, offering streamlined solutions for a range of administrative tasks.

    However, some nurseries are yet to embrace this digital shift fully, potentially hindering their efficiency and competitiveness. This reluctance can lead to operational inefficiencies, record-keeping errors, and a growing disconnect with an increasingly tech-savvy parent base.

    Good nursery management software will undoubtedly promote strong record-keeping, enhance operational efficiency and increase regulatory compliance (and peace of mind).


    Running a day nursery involves navigating a complex legal landscape. By addressing these common pitfalls – nursery owners can not only avoid legal missteps but also enhance their operational effectiveness and business value.

    Now, here’s the secret sauce to keeping your nursery out of legal hot water: team up with specialist legal advisors. Working with these experts is like having a trusty sidekick who’s got your back.

    They help you dot the i’s, cross the t’s, and keep your nursery’s story a happy one. Investing in their expertise isn’t an expense; it’s the smartest investment you can make for your nursery’s future.

    About the author

    Kush is the Managing Partner and Co-Founder of Birdi & Co and his team offer specialist legal representation for nursery owners who wish to build nursery groups or who are seeking a smooth transition into exit.

    He cherishes the opportunity to work with nursery owners and entrepreneurs in contributing to a sector that shapes the earliest stages of life. As a father, the sector resonates deeply with Kush and the firm’s core belief of bringing enthusiasm to everything they do.

    Feel free to contact him if you would like to discuss legal support for your nursery:

    Kush Birdi
    Birdi & Co Solicitors
    (t): 07745 525 837

    Or connect with Birdi & Co on LinkedIn:


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